Chrysler 300C & SRT8 Forums banner

321 - 338 of 338 Posts

·
Administrator
Joined
·
23,425 Posts
Discussion Starter #321
May 9th:

1970:
Walter Reuther, president of the UAW since 1946, died in an airplane crash at age 62. Born in Wheeling, West Virginia, to German immigrants, Reuther's socialist leanings were fostered by his father, Valentine. A master brewer, Valentine had left Germany to escape the repressive Lutheran authorities there, and to avoid what he viewed as the increasing militarization of his homeland. He imbued his three sons, Walter, Victor, and Roy, with the values of labor organization and social equality. Walter dropped out of high school to become an apprentice die maker at the Wheeling Steel Company. Before he could finish his training, he moved to Detroit during the heavy production years of the Model T, and talked his way into a job as a die maker in a Ford factory. Reuther returned to high school while working at the Ford plant, and he maintained his interest in Socialism and organized labor. During the Depression, he and his brothers traveled to Germany to visit their relatives. The trip proved formative as the totalitarian conditions in Germany, and the bitter split between the National Socialists and the Left, disappointed the brothers terribly. They even briefly ran pamphlets for the Socialist underground there. They continued on to Russia, where Walter employed his skill as a die maker in Russian auto plants that had purchased Ford machinery. They remained in Gorki from 1933 to 1935. Reuther was greatly moved by the camaraderie of the autoworkers there. "To a Ford employee especially," he said, "[the social and cultural life] was absorbing." Reuther returned to Detroit, and began his career as an activist and labor organizer. At first considered a radical and a Communist, Reuther worked his way up the ranks of the UAW as the union became a more and more legitimate force. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal reached out to the leftist elements of the labor movement, and in response Reuther's left moved center to meet the Democratic Party. Reuther played vital roles in the formation of the UAW and in the merger of the AFL-CIO. He championed integrationist policies when few other labor organizers cared, "The UAW-CIO will tell any worker that refused to work with a colored worker that he could leave the plant because he did not belong there." During Reuther's benevolent reign atop the ranks of the UAW, autoworkers became members of the middle class, as measured by earnings, employment security, medical care, and retirement pensions.

1992:
Roberto Guerrero set an Indianapolis 500 qualifying record, driving his Lola-Buick to an average speed of 232.483mph and setting the single lap record at 232.618mph. Born in Medellin, Colombia, in 1958, Guerrero began racing when he was 12 years old. He won two national Kart championships in his home country before being sent abroad to the prestigious Jim Russell Driving School in England. He quickly found success in the Formula Ford ranks in England. Guerrero's performance as an Indy Car Series racer is best described as workmanlike. While he's not won many races, he manages to finish in the top 20 in the point standings every year. His best success has come at the Indy 500 itself. It seems the magnitude of the event spurs Guerrero on. In his first Indy 500 in 1984, he finished second behind Rick Mears. It was the best rookie finish since the great Graham Hill won the event as a rookie in 1966. Guerrero finished third in 1985, fourth in 1986, and second in 1987. A naturalized American citizen, Guerrero currently resides in San Juan Capistrano, California. He races for Pagan Racing.

Bernie
 

·
Administrator
Joined
·
23,425 Posts
Discussion Starter #322
May 10th:

1841:
James Gordon Bennett Jr., publisher of the New York Herald and sponsor of the Gordon Bennett Cup Races, which ran from 1900 to 1905, was born in New York City. An expatriate resident of Paris, in 1899, Bennett became determined to organize automobile racing. As France was the world's leading racing nation, Bennett fostered an agreement with L'Automobile Club de France to sponsor a series of races that would bear his name. In preparation for the event, Bennett drew up car racing's first set of rules. The Gordon Bennett Cup was organized for national racing teams of up to three cars each. Each car had to weigh between 400kg and 1,000kg, and each had to have all of its parts manufactured in the country of its origin. To differentiate between the teams, Bennett created the color scheme for national racing teams that has remained more or less intact to this day: Italian racing Red, British racing Green, French Blue, German Silver, and American White and Blue. Ferrari still races in red, Porsche in silver, and Jaguar, until recently, raced in green. The first Gordon Bennett Cup was held in France, and the successive cups were held in the country of origin of the defending champion. The Gordon Bennett race was the premier auto race in the world for the five years during which it was run. The inability to control race crowds, and the inevitable spectator casualties that resulted, led European countries to ban public road races. The last Bennett Cup was held in Ireland, the only European country willing to sponsor the event. The cancellation of the Bennett Cup was the impetus for the foundation of the Vanderbilt Cup. William K. Vanderbilt desired to fill the void by staging the world's greatest car race in America.

1922:
The 1,000th Rickenbacker car was produced. Named after the company co-founder, American World War I flying ace Eddie Rickenbacker, the Rickenbacker Car Company took off in 1922. Rickenbacker, a national darling for his dogfighting exploits, passed on offers from the aviation industry in Washington and from the movie studios in Hollywood in order to start his own car company. In January of 1922, the Rickenbacker car debuted at the New York Auto Show. Priced at $1,500 and equipped with a powerful V-6 and a flywheel at both ends of the crankshaft to reduce the teeth-chattering vibration to which consumers had become accustomed, the Rickenbacker sold 1,500 units on its first day. In two years the company climbed from 83rd in the industry to 19th. "The Car Worthy of the Name," as it was called, was also the first model to introduce four-wheel braking into the economy car class. The 1925 Rickenbacker came with a V-8 and the snappy "hat in the ring" emblem that Rickenbacker's squadron had painted on their planes. In 1926, Rickenbacker marketed the Super Sport as "America's Fastest and Most Beautiful Stock Car." But Rickenbacker resigned in September of that year, and four months later his company was dead. The rapid demise of Rickenbacker owes partly to the public's mistrust of the company's early introduction of front-wheel breaking, but more to the fragile ego of its war-hero founder. During a period of cutthroat price wars, Rickenbacker came under heavy personal criticism at the hands of automobile dealers, who taunted him, "You're a hero today and a bum tomorrow." Rickenbacker could not separate his company's policies from his person and, injured, he resigned. The company was grounded without its captain's name.

Bernie
 

·
Administrator
Joined
·
23,425 Posts
Discussion Starter #323
May 11th:

1916:
Charles Kettering and Edward Deeds agreed to sell their Dayton Engineering Laboratories Company (Delco) to the United Motors Corporation, a holding company founded by William C. Durant in his attempt to regain control of General Motors (GM). Deeds and Kettering both left the National Cash Register Company--where Kettering had invented the motor that made the electric cash register possible--in order to start Delco. Originally a research and development company, Delco began manufacturing in order to meet the demand for the self-starter that Kettering invented for Durant's Cadillac Corporation. Despite the fact that Durant had spurred on Kettering to invent the self-starter, Delco would sell self-starters to anyone who ordered them. After Durant regained control of GM in the spring of 1916, he moved to make certain that GM would have primary availability to Delco's parts. In a dramatic restructuring which pulled together some of GM's most vital part suppliers, Durant integrated five previously independent companies under the name of the United Motors Corporation. All of these companies would later fall under the GM name. Kettering went on to play a vital role in GM's research and development over the next two decades.

1947:
Ferrari made its independent racing debut at a race in Piacenza, Italy. Enzo Ferrari had been designing race cars for Alpha Romeo since the late 1920s, and it was not until after the war that he broke from Alpha to form his own car manufacturing firm. Ferrari entered his Tipo 125 car at the race in Piacenza. Featuring a revolutionary V-12 engine, the Tipo 125 led the race with two laps to go before a fuel pump failed and forced it from the race. The result pleased Ferrari. In 1947, his company built and sold three Tipo 125 cars. Also, a Ferrari first at the race in Piacenza was the prancing horse hood ornament characteristic of all Ferraris since. Enzo had adopted the logo a few years earlier in honor of Italian World War I ace Enrico Baracca. Having met Baracca's parents at a social event, Enzo decided to honor their son by taking on the prancing horse logo that he had worn on the side of his airplane. Ferrari added the canary yellow background to honor his home city of Modena. With the prancing horse hood ornament, Ferrari would go on to unparalleled racing success, including nine Formula One Grand Prix World Championships.

Bernie
 

·
Administrator
Joined
·
23,425 Posts
Discussion Starter #324
May 12th:

1957:
A.J. Foyt won his first major race, a midget car race in Kansas City, Missouri. The tough Texan raced everything from midget cars to stock cars before he finally settled on Indy Car racing. Foyt would go on to become one of the greatest Indy Car racers of all time, winning a record 67 championship races and seven championship series titles. He is one of only three men to have won four Indianapolis 500s, winning in 1961, 1964, 1967, and 1977. In Foyt's first championship, a late-fuel stop nearly cost him the race he had worked so hard to win. Fortunately, competitor Eddie Sachs, who had taken the lead from Foyt during the fuel stop, had to a make a fluke tire change in the last few laps of the race, giving Foyt his first Indy 500 crown. Foyt was so overwhelmed by the post-race excitement that he sneaked out for a burger. "We had so many people congratulatin' us, talkin' and all that," he recalled. "Hell, I was hungry, so I just pulled over to White Castle. Hamburgers, I think, were 10¢ or 12¢ apiece." His 1964 victory was marred by the tragic deaths of fellow racers Eddie Sachs and Dave McDonalds. The 1967 Indy 500 saw Foyt drive a Coyote of his own design to victory. His father, Tony, was chief mechanic. "What really made me feel good," said Foyt, "is I built my own car, drove my own car, and my father was chief mechanic." Perhaps Foyt's greatest achievement was his 1977 victory, when Foyt became the first man to win the Indy four times in front of track owner Tony Hulman. Hulman had acted as a mentor to Foyt, and he rode a victory lap with Foyt after the 1977 race. A.J. Foyt now runs A.J. Foyt Enterprises from his home city of Houston, Texas. He founded the Foyt Race Team in 1965. His multifarious business interests include car dealerships, funeral service businesses, oil investments, and thoroughbred racehorses.

Bernie
 

·
Administrator
Joined
·
23,425 Posts
Discussion Starter #325
May 13th:

1980:
Douglas A. Fraser, president of the UAW, was named to the Chrysler Corporation Board of Directors, becoming the first union representative ever to sit on the board of a major U.S. corporation. Born in 1916 in Glasgow, Scotland, to a Socialist father, Fraser was brought up to the tune of organized labor. He dropped out of high school and began work at a Dodge plant as a metal polisher. Fraser soon moved to the DeSoto plant in Detroit, where he began his career in labor activism. Rising through the ranks of his local UAW chapter, Fraser eventually caught the eye of powerful UAW figure Walter Reuther. Reuther's similar immigrant and Socialist background meant that the two men shared ideas in common. Fraser worked as Reuther's administrative assistant through the groundbreaking years of the 1950s, during which the UAW solidified policies on retirement pensions and medical care for its members. Like Reuther, Fraser believed that to achieve its goals the UAW needed to be willing to make reasonable compromises. It wasn't until 1977 that Fraser was elected president of the UAW. He inherited the title as the automotive industry suffered its greatest recession since the Depression. Fraser is credited with having led the UAW through the uncertain years of the globalization of the automotive industry. As it became evident that the Big Three could build their cars wherever they wanted, Fraser fought to make sure that the union stayed flexible in its negotiations with industry executives. His detractors sometimes accused Fraser of pandering, but those who knew him described him as a stern proponent of international labor causes. His flexibility owed to his desire to keep the union an open-minded and competitive organization. The New York Times described Fraser as "an extremely tough-minded unionist, like most who rise through the ferocious fighting that can characterize union politics." In 1973, Fraser helped to solidify the industry's "thirty and out" policy. During his presidency, Fraser attempted to address the less tangible hardships facing autoworkers. Gone were the days of unfair hours and dangerous conditions, but the monotony that faced the average autoworker was still a cross to bear. In 1982, Fraser enacted his most daring and visionary maneuver as UAW president. Faced with Chrysler's imminent collapse, Fraser negotiated away millions of dollars already guaranteed to his union in order to help save a company with valuable jobs. In return, Chrysler traded stock options to the union. The resurgence of Chrysler bore out Fraser's unpopular decision. Respected by his adversaries, Fraser received the unprecedented accolade of being named to Chrysler's board. "His word is enough for us," one Chrysler executive explained. "He gets into plant problems like no other union leader I know." Conceding that his position on Chrysler's board was largely symbolic, Fraser nevertheless strove to bring the issues of the laborer into the boardroom. It is one thing to vote to close a plant on paper and quite another to vote after hearing in detail the hardship the decision will cause. Douglas Fraser was a proud and unselfish leader who must be remembered for maintaining his ideals, even after his prosperity made them unnecessary.

Bernie
 

·
Administrator
Joined
·
23,425 Posts
Discussion Starter #327
Catching up Bernie!
Tryin' Michael. It's 1:20AM and I wore myself out. I'll probably do 10 a day or so till I catch up!

Bernie
 

·
Administrator
Joined
·
23,425 Posts
Discussion Starter #328
May 14th:

1960:
Mickey Thompson, a.k.a. "Mr. Speed," broke Bernd Rosemeyer's 22-year-old record for the standing mile and standing kilometer, when he drove his "Assault" car to record speeds of 149.93 and 132.94, respectively. Thompson's illustrious career began when, as a boy of 11, he attempted to build a street rod out of collected Chevy parts. Ten years later he made his first trip to the Bonneville Salt Flats. Though Thompson raced in all kinds of events, including off-road racing, he is best known for his achievements in engineering and racing speed trial cars. He set 295 records at Bonneville alone, and he was the first man to drive a car faster than 400mph. Thompson enjoyed mixed success at the Indy 500, where he first fielded cars in 1962. Teaming with British chassis designer John Crosthwaite, Thompson built the first Indy Car with a rear-mounted V-8 and fully independent suspension. Thompson's car engines were bored and stroked to 255 cubic inches, but they had 70hp less than the racing Offy's that dominated the Indy field that year. Of Thompson's three small cars, only one qualified for the race. His car ran much of the race not far from the lead until a mechanical failure forced it from the race. Thompson won the Mechanical Achievement Award for his original design. The next year, while the Lotus-Fords had integrated his innovations, Thompson gave the field even more to think about by widening his car bodies, tires, and wheels. The Lotus-Fords took the spotlight with their power, but one of Thompson's cars finished an impressive ninth place. Nineteen sixty-four spelled tragedy for Thompson's Indy Cars, and the outcome of the race forced him from the sport. After introducing radical new car bodies, Thompson's team had problems from the start. In the end, only Dave MacDonald qualified a Thompson car. Early in the race, MacDonald lost control of his car, crashing into Eddie Sachs and killing both of them. Thompson's designs came under heavy criticism after the accident, and he stayed away from Indy Cars. In the late 1960s, Mr. Speed made numerous assaults on speed records at Bonneville. In the 1970s, Mickey became interested in off-road racing after he watched the off-road Mint 400 race from his airplane. "It was the most exciting race I'd ever seen," Thompson told a reporter. He went on to design an off-road vehicle before forming SCORE (Short Course Off-Road Events). Thompson, almost single-handedly, turned off-road racing into an indoor event. At the time of his tragic death in 1988, Thompson had led a full life of racing. He reportedly met his wife, Trudy, in a drag race; she won, so he married her. The couple was gunned down outside their home in California. In 2004, Thompson's former business partner, Michael Goodwin, was charged with the murders.

Bernie
 

·
Administrator
Joined
·
23,425 Posts
Discussion Starter #329
May 15th:

1918:
Nantucket Island voted to lift its controversial 12-year ban on automobiles. First famous as an insular whaling community off of Cape Cod, Massachusetts, Nantucket Island has become one of the Northeast's most exclusive tourist attractions. The original inhabitants of Nantucket were predictably resistant to the idea of automobiles overrunning their island. While the advent of the motor car didn't spell disaster for the island then, the fears of early residents may yet become a reality. As Nantucket's popularity rises, even the year-long waiting list for the car ferry can't seem to stem the tide of vehicles. The island's tourist board has attempted to institute an affordable and reliable island shuttle, but vacationers in this country want to go wherever their cars will take them. A delicate ecological structure of bogs, tidal thickets, and dune beaches, Nantucket is susceptible to the pollutants and erosion problems brought on by the increasing numbers of vehicles. The new Nantucket "natives," largely seasonal retirees, have pooled their not insignificant resources with the purpose of protecting the island. Others, though, accuse the conservationists of only wanting to conserve an uncrowded escape from their East Coast power perches.

1981:
The 20,000,000th Volkswagen Beetle was produced at the Volkswagen plant in Puebla, Mexico. Volkswagen first came to Mexico in 1954 as part of a museum exhibit entitled "Germany and Its Industry." That same year, 250 Beetles were assembled in Mexico. By 1962, Volkswagen had acquired its first assembly plant in Xalostoc, where the company would eventually assemble 50,000 Beetles. Pleased with the new Latin American marketplace, Volkswagen executives made plans to construct a facility in Puebla, a city an hour south of Mexico City. In 1967, the first Beetle was produced at the Puebla plant. Before closing, the Puebla plant produced more than 1.6 million vehicles.

Bernie
 

·
Administrator
Joined
·
23,425 Posts
Discussion Starter #330
May 16th:

1956:
General Motors (GM) dedicates its brand-new, $125 million GM Technical Center in Warren, Michigan. The Center, or at least its breathtaking style and dimension, was the product of Alfred Sloan and GM stylist Harley Earl.
Born to Hollywood affluence, Earl never lost his movie-star flair. He is famous for being the automotive industry's first "stylist." In reality, he was a car architect. He achieved fame for his design of GM's 1927 LaSalle. The LaSalle was the first production car to offer a sleek, long and rounded look to its buyers. By later standards, the LaSalle still looks, in its designer's words, "top-heavy and stiff-shouldered," but at the time of its unveiling, it was enough to make Earls' career.

Earl was brought to GM by Alfred Sloan, the company's almighty president. Sloan created a new department for Earl, at the head of which Earl would oversee the styling for all GM cars. Earl began his incremental quest for longer, lower cars. Why? Said Earl, "Because my sense of proportion tells me that oblongs are more attractive than squares, just as a ranch house is more attractive than a three-story, flat-roofed house or a greyhound is more graceful than an English bulldog."

Earl's sense of proportion never exactly fit with the other vice presidents at GM. First of all, he stood six feet, four inches tall. The well-tanned Earl kept identical suits in his office so that he would never wrinkle over the course of a workday. This stylish approach to life rubbed many of Detroit's staunch executives the wrong way. Earl's major conflicts came with the GM body division, headed by the Fisher Brothers. The Body Division was in charge of turning Earl's artwork into roadworthy realities. Earl was often dissatisfied with their product, and he showed open contempt for the Fisher Brothers, whom he dubbed "the Seven Dwarves." The Fishers, in turn, weren't sure Earl was as practical as he could have been.

Earl remains a larger-than-life figure in the pantheon of automotive history. Often credited with breakthroughs that he managed to promote better than the ideas' originators, Earl can be viewed in hindsight as a showman. But his artistic sense cannot be denied, nor can his impact on the artistic leanings of the automotive industry. Earl, as much as anyone, was responsible for the glorious aesthetic renaissance of 1950s Detroit. When Alfred Sloan suggested that GM should build a compound to house the company's research activities, it was Earl who urged him to create a structure that was architecturally and aesthetically distinctive. Ignoring his peers' pleas for practicality, Sloan allowed Earl to enlist the architectural skills of Eliel and Eero Saarinen. Today, the GM Technical Center is one of the landmarks of twentieth-century architecture. The aluminum-sheathed dome that houses its stylish auditorium stands a fitting monument to Harley Earl's legacy.

A $1 billion dollar renovation of the GM Technical Center was completed in 2003.

Bernie
 

·
Administrator
Joined
·
23,425 Posts
Discussion Starter #331
May 17th:

1890:
Emile Levassor married Louise Sarazin, the widow of Edouard Sarazin and the French distributor of Daimler engines. The marriage set the stage for Levassor's business venture, Panhard et Levassor, which would use Daimler engines in its cars. Emile, France's premier car racer before the turn of the century, set an early record by driving from Paris to Bordeaux and back at an average of 14.9mph in 1895. His cutting-edge Panhard had a 2.4 liter engine and produced only 4hp. Just two years later, Levassor's Daimler engine was capable of pushing the lightweight, wood-framed Panhard to over 70mph. Imagine driving at that speed on bumpy, dusty roads, sitting on a wooden plank bolted to a frame with no suspension.

1994:
Al Unser Sr. announced his retirement from auto racing, ending one of the greatest Indy Car careers of all time. The product of one of America's greatest racing family dynasties, the Unser family of Albuquerque, New Mexico, Al Sr. is the youngest of the second generation of Unser racers. Over the course of his five-decade career, Al has raced midgets, sprints, stock cars, sports cars, Formula 5000, champion dirt cars, and, of course, some of the greatest Indy Cars made. His achievements at the Brickyard are unparalleled. Al is first in points earned, second in miles driven and total money won, and tied for second in starts. Winning the 1987 race, Al became only the second man to win the Indy 500 four times when he won the race after starting in the 20th position. The next year he broke Ralph DePalma's seemingly unbreakable record for most laps led at the 500. Al's 1970 season was one of the greatest ever, as he won 10 races on ovals, road courses, and dirt tracks to capture the national championship. He won back-to-back Indy 500s in 1970 and 1971, and in 1978 he became the first driver to win the "Triple Crown" of Indy racing by placing first in the Pocono 500 and the California 500, as well as at Indy. In 1985, Al won his third and last national championship by edging his son, Al Unser Jr., by one point in the last race of the season. The win also made him the oldest Indy Car champion ever at age 46.

Bernie
 

·
Administrator
Joined
·
23,425 Posts
Discussion Starter #332
May 18th:

1958:
The Lotus made its Formula One debut at the Monaco Grand Prix with Cliff Allison finishing in fifth place. The Lotus Engineering Company was founded by Colin Chapman in 1952 as a result of Chapman's great success in building and racing trial cars. Located in Norfolk, England, Lotus has become over the last few decades one of racing's most dominant teams. Currently limited to Formula One competition, Lotus was initially a diverse racing team. Lotus dominated Le Mans in the '50s. The mid-1960s saw the Golden Age of Lotus racing as its British drivers Jim Clark and Graham Hill enjoyed great success. Jim Clark won the first World Driver's Championship for Lotus in 1963. Lotus has in recent years been represented by such virtuoso drivers as Emmerson Fittipaldi and Alessandro Zanardi.

1990:
Orion films released Cadillac Man, starring Robin Williams. The movie follows a day in the life of Joey O'Brien (Williams), a shameless used-car salesman with a weakness for women. Throughout the film, the spineless O'Brien addresses the audience directly, a la Tom Jones. For the first half of the film, the plot orbits O'Brien's car dealership. The audience watches the comings and goings of the many women who make Joey confused and finally poor: his mistress (Fran Drescher), his ex-wife (Pamela Reed), the office sexpot, Donna (Annabella Sciorra), and the faithful saleswoman (Lori Petty). Just as the movie looks to be settling down into a sexually charged sales contest at a car dealership, Donna's jealous husband (Tim Robbins) comes crashing through a plate-gas window in a motorcycle wielding a machine gun. The rest of the movie is essentially a dialogue between Williams and Robbins, during which Williams tries to use his sales tactics, and some heart-rending honesty, to talk Robbins out of killing the whole bunch of them. The second half of the movie is better than the first, and the whole thing could use a few more cars.

Bernie
 

·
Administrator
Joined
·
23,425 Posts
Discussion Starter #333
May 19th:

1991:
In a sport not known for embracing diversity, racer Willy T. Ribbs became the first African-American driver to qualify for the Indy 500 on this date in 1991.
Ribbs, a Californian, objects to the obstacles placed in front of African-American racers: "Here we are, moving into a new millennium, and auto racing still looks like 1939 baseball." Ribbs's achievement at Indy is especially remarkable, as the cost of running at Indy normally deters racers who don't have powerful corporate sponsors. While stock-car racing is more accessible financially, the sport hasn't fared any better in attracting African-American participants. NASCAR officials, however, don't feel the lack of African-American racers is a reflection of racism within the sport. Longtime President Bill France explained his case: "America is what America is today. Anybody can be anything, regardless of your race or your national origin. You can't cast a wand and make everything happen that somebody wants to happen."

In the 50 years of NASCAR history, only Wendell Scott ever won a race. One explanation for the dearth of African-American racers is that car racing is a hereditary sport. Most racers come from racing families. By that criterion, however, the Scott family could have continued racing. Wendell Scott, using secondhand equipment, set the sport on fire 25 years ago with his fearless attitude and abundant talent. "Had the sport offered more help to the Scotts, others would have been inspired by us in another generation," said Wendell Scott Jr. "They nipped us in the bud." An example: In 1963, Scott won a race in Jacksonville, and the race officials, fearing a reaction from the crowd, presented the trophy to another driver. They gave Scott the trophy after the crowd had left. Ribbs also believes that corporations are reluctant to offer sponsorship to African-American drivers, because they don't believe these racers will be financially beneficial to their brands. Even the NASCAR team owned by former NFL running-back Joe Washington and former NBA legend Julius Erving cannot guarantee an African-American driver behind the wheel of its car. Washington and Erving started the first wholly minority-owned team since Scott and his sons left competition over 25 years ago. Kathy Thompson, a representative for the team, explained their predicament: "To get into a Winston Cup car is dangerous. I wouldn't want to race against Dale Earnhardt or Jeff Gordon without experience. That's suicide. I wouldn't want that on my conscience, somebody getting out there who wasn't ready."

The fact remains that large African-American communities exist in the regions where NASCAR's fan base is strongest. It wouldn't take much for NASCAR to foster a more openly encouraging attitude toward minorities in racing--and who knows, maybe the sport will be rewarded with a great champion. Baseball came a long way after 1939.

Bernie
 

·
Administrator
Joined
·
23,425 Posts
Discussion Starter #334
May 20th:

1899:
Jacob German, operator of a taxicab for the Electric Vehicle Company, became the first driver to be arrested for speeding when he was stopped by Bicycle Roundsman Schueller for driving at the "breakneck" speed of 12mph on Lexington Avenue in Manhattan. German was booked and held in jail at the East Twenty-second Street station house. He was, of course, not made to hand over his license and registration, as neither item was required until two years later in the State of New York. It seems fitting that our country's first arrest for reckless driving should be leveled at a New York cabbie.

1961:
The Ford Motor Company completed a highly modified stretch Lincoln Continental convertible sedan for the U.S. Secret Service to be used as a presidential limousine. The limo, later known as the SS-100-X, carried President John F. Kennedy down Elm Street in Dallas, Texas, when he was assassinated in 1963. The videotapes and the forensic reports of the assassination have become an American obsession in the years since President Kennedy's death. It is now readily believed that the government withheld information necessary to a proper investigation, though it is as yet unclear whether this interference actually led to a botched conclusion on the part of the Warren Commission. The 1961 Continental has played a major role in countless re-creations of the event. Since the recent release of Abraham Zapruder's "Z-tapes," even more detailed recreations have been undertaken. Gary Mack, a documentary cameraman, took part in one of these re-creations. In comparing his film with that of the original tape of the assassination, he noticed that the replica 1961 Continental used in the re-creation of the assassination actually sat higher than did the SS-100-X. He also noted that in the replica '61 Lincoln, a console separated the two "jump seats" in the car's back seat. No such obstacle existed when Governor Connally slid across the car to protect President Kennedy. The process of re-creating, down to the last detail, the forensic evidence at hand on the day of the assassination is daunting, if not futile. In order to determine the number of shots fired and the angles from which they were fired, investigators need to be sure--down to the millimeter--of the position of certain key players. Taking into account that over the course of 30 years the buildings have sunk imperceptibly, the people involved have shrunken slightly, and the trees have grown, it's no wonder that the only answer to the Kennedy mystery is that it is mysterious.

Bernie
 

·
Administrator
Joined
·
23,425 Posts
Discussion Starter #335
May 21st:

1901:
Connecticut became the first state to enact a speeding-driver law. The State General Assembly passed a bill submitted by Representative Robert Woodruff that stipulated the speed of all motor vehicles should not exceed 12mph on country highways and eight mph within city limits.

康涅狄格成為了颁布加速司機法律的第一個狀態。 总署彙編通过了遞交的法案在市区范围内規定所有机动车的速度不應該超出在國家高速公路的12mph和八英里/小時的Representative羅伯特香車葉草。

1950:
Juan Manuel Fangio won the Monaco Grand Prix in an Alfa Romeo 158; the victory was the first of the 24-Grand Prix victories in his illustrious Formula One career. Born in 1911, near Balacarce, Argentina, Fangio started his professional career as a mechanic. At age 23, he drove his first race in a converted Ford taxi that fell apart during the event. Fangio struggled early on in his career as a racer, but his passion for the sport led him to continue racing while he supported himself as a mechanic. Just before World War II, Fangio began racing a Chevrolet stock car. He won the Gran Premio Internacional del Norte, a race from Buenos Aires to Peru and back. Winning the 6,000-mile race brought Fangio instant notoriety in his home country. At 36, Juan Manuel Fangio was considered too old to race. Undeterred, he began a career as a Formula 1 driver. In 1949, his first full season, he won six times in 10 races. The next year he was invited to drive for the prestigious Alpha Romeo team. He finished second in the World Driver's Championship. The next year he won it. Fangio then bounced between the Maserati, Mercedes-Benz, and Ferrari teams en route to establishing himself as the world's best driver. He became a national hero in his adopted Italy as well as at home in Argentina. He won four World Driver's Championships in the 1950s, but his fine results do not do justice to his extraordinary talent. In 1957, the 46-year-old Fangio returned to the Maserati team. Maserati's equipment was nearly obsolete at the time, and Fangio raced with a considerable handicap. Fellow racer Phil Hill evaluated Fangio's racing ability: "With most drivers, you figure 25 percent driver, 75 percent car. With the old man, you know it's 40 percent driver, 60 percent car, so he's already got us beat with that something extra that's inside of him." The German Grand Prix that year was apt testament to Fangio's genius. Racing against the tighter Ferraris in his weak-kneed Maserati, Fangio decided not to take a full load of fuel in his car. His plan was to build a huge lead on his competitors with a lighter car, and then to pit to take on more fuel. The other cars would run the race without stopping. Fangio was 28 seconds ahead when he pitted, and 28 behind when he came out of the pits. He passed leader Mike Hawthorn on the final lap, and won the race by four seconds. Juan Manuel Fangio is often considered the most talented driver to ever race. One wonders what his career would have been like had he had the opportunity to race early in his life.

胡安Manuel Fangio贏取了摩納哥在阿爾法羅密歐158的盛大Prix; 勝利是第一次在他的傑出公式1事業的24盛大Prix勝利。 在1911年負擔,在Balacarce附近,阿根廷, Fangio開始了他的事业作為技工。 在年齡23,他驾驶他的在事件期間,散开的一輛被轉換的福特出租汽車的第一種族。 Fangio在他的事業在初期奮鬥了作為竟賽者,但是他的體育的激情帶領他持续賽跑,当他支持自己作為技工时。 在第二次世界大戰之前, Fangio開始賽跑薛佛列汽車赛车。 他贏取了Gran Premio Internacional從布宜諾斯艾利斯的del Norte、種族到秘魯和後面。 在6,000英里竞选中获胜在他的祖国帶來了Fangio立即英名喪盡。 在36,胡安Manuel Fangio被认为太老以至于不能賽跑。 未被嚇住,他開始了事業作为慣例1司機。 在1949年,他的第一個充分的季節,他贏取了在10種族的六次。 他被邀請為有名望的阿爾法羅密歐隊驾驶的下一年。 他在世界Driver'其次完成了; s冠軍。 下一年他贏取了它。 Fangio在途中然後彈起了在Maserati、奔馳車和Ferrari隊之間對委任自己作为world' s最佳的司機。 他在家成為了一個民族英雄在他的被採取的意大利並且阿根廷。 他贏取了四世界Driver' 在20世紀50年代的s冠軍,而是他美好的結果不申张正义對他的非凡天分。 在1957年, 46歲的Fangio回到了Maserati隊。 Maserati' s設備當時是幾乎過時的和Fangio賽跑與一個可觀的障礙。 竟賽者菲爾小山評估了Fangio' s賽跑的能力: " 多数司機,您計算25%司機, 75%汽車。 老人,您知道it' s 40%司機, 60%汽車,如此he' s已經得到了我們與那的敲打事額外that' 在him."裡面的s; 德國盛大Prix年是易於遺囑對Fangio' s天才。 賽跑與在他的膝蓋弱Maserati的更緊的Ferraris, Fangio决定不採取滿載在他的汽車的燃料。 他的計劃是建立在他的競爭者的巨大的领先與一輛更輕的汽車,然后挖坑承担更多燃料。 其他汽車將参加比赛,无需停止。 Fangio是28秒向前,当他挖坑了时和28後面,當他從坑出來。 他通過了领导人在最后阶段的麥克山楂樹,并且在四秒之前在竞选中获胜。 胡安Manuel Fangio經常被认为賽跑的最有天才的司機。 一个人想知道什麼他的事業像將有他有機會及早在他的生活中賽跑。

Bernie
 

·
Administrator
Joined
·
23,425 Posts
Discussion Starter #336
May 22nd:

1921:
Racer Marshall Teague was born in Daytona Beach, Florida. Teague was one of NASCAR's earliest heroes. Racing Hudson Hornets equipped with revolutionary step-down chassis, Teague won five races in 1951 alone. He achieved his best results at his home course in Daytona. Nicknamed "King of the Beach" for his ability to race on the sand loop at Daytona, Marshall Teague was a local hero at a time when NASCAR was a local sport.

竟賽者馬歇爾Teague出生在Daytona Beach,佛羅里達。 Teague是一个NASCAR' s最早期的英雄。 賽跑用革命逐步減低的底盤裝備的哈德森大黃蜂, Teague在1951的五竞选中获胜單獨。 他達到了他的最佳的結果在他的在Daytona的家庭路線。 起綽號的" Beach"的國王; 为了使他的能力,當NASCAR是地方體育時候,賽跑在沙子圈在Daytona,馬歇爾Teague是一個地方英雄。

1977:
Janet Guthrie became the first female to qualify for the Indianapolis 500. Guthrie failed to finish the 1977 race due to mechanical troubles. The next year, however, she not only finished the race but landed in ninth place, a remarkable achievement considering her meager race funding. Guthrie explains her career beginning as the result of her passion for adrenaline rush and the purchase of her first sports car. "I've always loved adventure," she said. "I went parachuting when I was 16, and got my pilot's license when I was 17. I went to school for physics... and when I got out of school I bought a Jaguar, from my $125-a -week salary and my superb sense of moderation." After 13 years of racing, Guthrie's break came when she was asked to test a car at Indy. Her participation brought her immediate fame. Many men objected strongly to her driving at Indy. "The alarm and commotion took me by surprise," she said. "The woman part of my participation was irrelevant to anything on the track. But people thought we were plotting a revolution... they said women will endanger our lives." Guthrie responded to the criticism simply by racing the best she could. "In racing there is no room for a readout from your nervous system. Your body becomes part of the machine." Guthrie gave up her dream of becoming an Indy Car driver for financial reasons, which she cites as a major obstacle to women becoming involved in the sport. "Drag racing gets more women because it costs about a tenth of Indy Car racing. It's a very expensive sport. I managed to make do with $120,000 I got from Texaco, but most drivers have between two and three million dollars to work with."

珍妮特Guthrie成為了合格的第一位女性在印第安納波利斯500。 Guthrie沒有完成1977種族由于機械麻煩。 下一年,然而,她在第九位,考慮她微薄的種族資助的一個卓越成就不僅完成了種族,但是登陸了。 Guthrie解釋她的事業起點由於她的腎上腺素倉促的激情和她的第一輛跑车購買。 " I' ve總是被愛的冒險, " 她說。 " 我去跳傘,當我是16,并且得到了我的pilot' s執照,當我是17。 我上為物理的学…,并且,當我得到了校外我買了一個捷豹汽車,從我的$125-a -星期薪金和我的雄偉感覺moderation." 在13年賽跑以后, Guthrie' 當她请求測試汽車在Indy, s斷裂來了。 她的參與帶來了她直接名望。 許多人強烈反对了驾驶在Indy的她。 " 警報和混亂使我大吃一惊, " 她說。 " 我的參與的婦女零件與任何东西是毫不相關的在軌道。 但是他們說的人们認為我們密謀一次革命…婦女將危及我們的lives." Guthrie反應了批評通过賽跑她可能的最好。 " 在賽跑沒有讀出的室從您的神经系统。 您的身体成為一部分的machine." Guthrie放弃了她的夢想成為財政原因的一位Indy汽车司机,她在體育援引作为一個主要障礙给变得的婦女介入。 " 因為它花費Indy小汽车赛的十分之一,阻力賽跑得到更多婦女。 It' s非常昂貴的體育。 我设法湊合用我從德士古得到的$120,000,但是多数司機有在二和三百萬之間美元运作with."

Bernie
 

·
Administrator
Joined
·
23,425 Posts
Discussion Starter #337
May 23rd:

1934:
Clyde Champion Barrow and Bonnie Parker were shot to death by Texas and Louisiana state police officers as they attempted to escape apprehension in a stolen 1934 Ford V-8 near Bienville Parish, Louisiana.
Bonnie and Clyde met in Texas in 1930 while the 19-year-old Bonnie was tending bar. At the time, Bonnie was married to an imprisoned murderer. Soon after the two met, Clyde was arrested for burglary and sent to prison. Bonnie smuggled a pistol into the prison, and Clyde broke out. Over the course of their crime spree together, Bonnie and Clyde were believed to have committed 13 murders and several robberies and burglaries. For over two years, the couple evaded local police officers in rural counties of Texas, Louisiana, and New Mexico. Not until the FBI, then called the Bureau of Investigation, became involved in the case did law-enforcement officials gain ground on Bonnie and Clyde.

The Bureau of Investigation, curiously enough, could only investigate the two on the grounds of the National Motor Vehicle Act, which stipulated that federal agents had jurisdiction to pursue suspects accused of interstate transportation of a stolen automobile. Investigators initially traced a stolen vehicle to the house of Clyde Barrow's aunt. As officers stepped up the pressure to catch Bonnie and Clyde, the well-armed couple went about adding to their own firepower. They were joined by Clyde's brother, Buck Barrow, along with his wife. Later they were joined by escaped murderer Raymond Hamilton. In the spring of 1934, following tireless investigations, federal agents traced the gang to a remote county in Southwest Louisiana. A certain Methvin family was said to have been aiding and abetting the Bonnie-and-Clyde gang for over a year.

It was learned that Bonnie and Clyde, along with some of the Methvins, had staged a party at Black Lake, Louisiana, on the night of May 21. Two days later, just before dawn, a posse of police officers from Texas and Louisiana, including Texas Ranger Frank Hamer, laid an ambush for Bonnie and Clyde along the highway near Sailes, Louisiana. In the early morning, Bonnie and Clyde appeared in their automobile. The officers reported that the couple attempted to flee, but more likely, owing to the fact that Bonnie and Clyde had killed five policemen, the posse opened fire without warning. For two minutes, deputies showered the car with bullets. Both Bonnie and Clyde were killed in the barrage. Their bullet-riddled 1934 Ford later became a valuable collectible. Bonnie and Clyde gained a place in popular mythology as dustbowl Robin Hoods.

The 1967 film Bonnie and Clyde, starring Warren Beatty as Clyde and Faye Dunaway as Bonnie, portrayed a charming and irreverent pair who took their game too far. Examination of the couple's past, as well as an examination of their victims, shows that Bonnie and Clyde were more likely carefree killers. Their popularity owed to the mistrust of the authorities of the Dustbowl during the Depression era, and to the couple's uncanny ability to elude the police for over two years.

克萊德冠軍手推車和健美的Parker被射死由得克薩斯和路易斯安那狀態警察,当他們在被竊取的1934年福特中試圖在Bienville教區附近逃脫憂慮V-8,路易斯安那。 当十九歲健美趨向酒吧时,健美和克萊德在1930的得克薩斯见面了。 在,健美结婚了给一個被監禁的兇手時候。 在二见面了之後,克萊德為搶劫被拘捕了并且派遣了到監獄。 健美走私了手槍入監獄,并且克萊德發生了。 在他們的一起肆意的犯罪中,健美和克萊德应该犯了13次谋杀和幾盜案和搶劫。 二年,夫婦在得克薩斯、路易斯安那和新墨西哥的農村縣逃避了当地警察官員。 不直到FBI,然后称调查局,在健美和克萊德变得介入案件做了法律執行官員發展。 调查局,足够好奇地,可能根據全國机动车行動只調查二,規定联邦特工有追求的司法嫌疑犯被指責一輛被竊取的汽車的跨境運輸。 調查員最初追蹤了一輛被竊取的車到克萊德Barrow'房子; s伯母。 因为官員提高了壓力捉住健美和克萊德,很好武裝的夫婦流传增加到他們自己的火力。 他們由Clyde'加入; s兄弟,大型裝配架手推車,與他的妻子一起。 他們由逃脫的兇手Raymond哈密爾頓以后加入。 在1934年的春天,跟隨的不倦的调查,联邦特工追蹤了幫會到一個遙遠的縣在西南路易斯安那。 某一Methvin家庭說援助和支持健美和克萊德幫會一年。 學會健美和克萊德,與某些Methvins一起,在黑湖演出了黨,路易斯安那,在夜5月21日。 兩天後,在黎明之前,警察團隊從得克薩斯的和路易斯安那,包括德克萨斯别动队员弗蘭克Hamer,在Sailes附近放置了健美的沿高速公路,路易斯安那的埋伏和克萊德。 在清早,健美和克萊德出现於他們的汽車。 官員報告夫婦試圖出逃,但是可能,由於事實健美和克萊德殺害了五位警察,團隊開火,不用警告。 二分鐘,代理淋浴了汽車與子彈。 健美和克萊德在堰壩被殺害了。 他們子彈射擊的1934年福特后成為了可收回的貴重物品。 健美和克萊德在普遍的神話方面獲取了一個地方作為dustbowl Robin敞篷。 1967作為克萊德和Faye Dunaway的影片健美和克萊德,擔任主角的沃倫Beatty如健美,刻畫了太採取他們的比賽的一個迷人和無禮的對。 couple'的考試; s過去,並且他們的受害者的考試,表示,健美和克萊德更加可能的無憂無慮的兇手。 他們的大眾化被欠對Dustbowl的當局的不信任在消沉時代期間和對couple' s離奇的能力逃避警察二年。

Bernie
 

·
Administrator
Joined
·
23,425 Posts
Discussion Starter #338
May 24th:

1899:
The first public parking garage in the United States was established in Boston, Massachusetts by W.T. McCullough as the Back Bay Cycle and Motor Company. McCullough advertised the garage's opening as a "stable for renting, sale, storage, and repair of motor vehicles."

第一個公開停车库在美國在波士頓,由W.T. McCullough的馬薩諸塞建立了作为後面Bay Cycle和Motor Company。 McCullough給garage'做廣告; s開頭作为" 租賃,銷售、馬達vehicles."存貯和修理的槽櫪;

1903:
Marcel Renault, age 31, and his riding mechanic Vauthier, were killed in a crash during the Paris-to-Madrid Race. After another deadly crash, the race was canceled at the end of the first leg from Paris to Bordeaux, and the era of city-to-city races came to an end. The Paris Races were started in 1897 as a way for manufacturers to show off their cars. The first race, from Paris to Rouen, was a major sensation in the sports world as the first proper car race. The races helped to establish France as the premier car-racing nation in the world. Famous racers like Emile Levassor, le Comte De Dion, Panhard, and Marcel and Louis Renault made their names at these races. Panhard, De Dion, and Renault rapidly became three of the biggest names in manufacturing, their reputations relying heavily on their successes at these high-profile events. Marcel Renault's death was the last straw for French authorities. Nearly every race resulted in the fatalities of drivers or spectators, and racing on public roads in Europe came to an end.

燙發Renault、年齡31和他的騎馬技工Vauthier,在崩潰丧生在巴黎對馬德里種族。 在另一致命的崩潰,種族被取消了在第一條腿的末端從巴黎的向紅葡萄酒之後,并且城市對城市種族時代結束了。 巴黎種族在1897开始了作为製造商的一個方式能炫耀他們的汽車。 第一種族,從巴黎向魯昂,是在體育世界的一種主要感覺作为第一輛適當的赛车。 種族幫助建立法國作为首要的汽車賽跑的國家在世界上。 著名竟賽者喜歡埃米爾Levassor, le Comte De Dion, Panhard和燙發和路易斯・ Renault被做他們的名字在這些種族。 Panhard、De Dion和Renault在製造業中迅速地成為了三最大的名字,他們的沉重依靠他們的成功的名譽在這些惹人註目的事件。 燙發Renault' s死亡是法國當局的最后一击。 幾乎每種族导致司機或觀眾的死亡率,并且賽跑在公開路在歐洲結束了。

1987:
Al Unser Sr. won his fourth Indianapolis 500 driving the year-old March-Cosworth car. At 47 years and 360 days old, Al became the oldest winner in the event's history. Unser wasn't even slotted to drive in the race, but he replaced March-Cosworth's injured racer, Danny Ongias. The win was a spectacular ending to Unser's storied career. One of only three men to ever win the Indy 500 four times, Unser also won on the Indy car circuit 39 times, posted 27 poles, and won over $6 million before his final retirement in 1992.

Al Unser Sr。 贏取了他的驾驶年3月Cosworth汽車的第四印第安納波利斯500。 在47年和360天年纪, Al适合event'的最老的優勝者; s歷史。 Unser wasn' 開槽的甚而t駕駛在種族,但是他替換了3月Cosworth' s傷害了竟賽者, Danny Ongias。 勝利是一個壯觀的結尾對Unser' s傳說上有名事業。 贏取Indy的三個人之一500四次, Unser在Indy汽車電路也只贏取了39次,張貼27根杆在1992年和被贏取$6百萬在他最後的退休之前。

Bernie
 
321 - 338 of 338 Posts
About this Discussion
337 Replies
14 Participants
Rambit
Chrysler 300C & SRT8 Forums
Join the 300c forum community to discuss the Chrysler 300c, SRT8, horsepower specs, AWD system and so much more!
Full Forum Listing
Top